PCA comment on MoJ Transforming Rehabilitation press release: 19 September


Today (19 September 2013), the Government has given a formal notice over a forthcoming competition on the sale of 21 Community Rehabilitation Companies and linked contracts to provide probation services for those offenders assessed as a ‘low-medium’ risk of causing harm to the public.

Also today the Government has issued directions to Probation Trusts to begin a formal 28 day period of consultation on a staff transfer process outlining the suggested principles and terms of splitting resources and cases to establish Community Rehabilitation Companies and the new National Probation Service.

This marks a step change in the Government pushing forward with plans to implement the Transforming Rehabilitation programme announced in May 2013. The PCA have voiced significant concerns with these plans particularly over risks to public protection from splitting the management of offenders over public and contracted sectors, and the high risks of losing professional expertise and successful local partnership initiatives during and after the transition.

Despite the PCA’s very considerable misgivings – which are shared by very many other organisations – the Secretary of State for Justice has been unwavering in his intention to go ahead with these changes. The PCA believes that the priority now is to ensure that the transition to the new organisations, the National Probation Service and the 21 Community Rehabilitation Companies, should be done in as safe a way as possible.  This should be about securing an effective and well managed transfer of the probation caseload on 1 April 2014, the date planned for these new arrangements to come into effect following the abolition of the current probation trusts.

We have consistently argued that the time frame for these changes is impractical and unrealistic.  We do not think that the transfer should be dictated by the time scale, but by an objective assessment of the conditions needed for a safe transfer putting first the safety and protection of the public.

The transition to these new organisations will be very complex, entailing splits in staff, resources and caseloads, and the development of new protocols for working across the public and contracted sectors (with support from ICT systems). This all would need to be in place, fully tested and staff trained, before Community Rehabilitation Companies and the National Probation Service should be allowed to ‘go live’.

As the Government looks to begin implementation of its plans, the PCA believe it imperative for the Programme meaningfully to engage and draw on the expertise of the leadership and professionals of Probation Trusts, in particular to develop objective ways of assuring that changes can be carried out safely.

In all this it is extremely important to maintain the support of all staff.  We welcome the assurances for continuing dialogue and consultation. That needs to be meaningful, with the changes and plans fully articulated and other information needed, so that staff can make informed comments and choices about their future.

The Ministry of Justice has also published today ‘Transforming Rehabilitation: a summary of evidence on reoffending” providing an overview of key evidence relating to reducing reoffending. The PCA welcomes that this report clearly acknowledges that “the skills of practitioners in supervising offenders and delivering interventions are known to contribute to reducing reoffending and also to improving other outcomes” (section 3).

All this underlines the case for establishing an independent Probation Institute, to promote professional skills and standards in a more plural probation service delivery market. The PCA, with the Probation Association, the Ministry of Justice and other key stakeholders is working to bring about the creation of such an Institute.

Probation chiefs welcome new research on crime reduction


New research by Sheffield Hallam University, released today by the Sussex Criminal Justice Board, demonstrates the benefits of integrating the work of probation, police, local authorities and other agencies, to provide a high level of monitoring, supervision and support to offenders. Over a two year period, the proportion of offenders reconvicted in Sussex was reduced by 57 per cent and the frequency by 69 per cent.  In consequence, this also reduces the number of people who are likely to be victims of crime.

The research was commissioned by the Sussex Criminal Justice Board (SCJB) into the Integrated Offender Management programme in Sussex, which is led by the Surrey & Sussex Probation Trust, Sussex Police, West Sussex County Council, East Sussex County Council and Brighton & Hove City Council.

Nick Smart, Vice-Chair of the Probation Chiefs Association, comments:

“The Probation Chiefs Association welcomes this research, which clearly demonstrates the benefits of probation trusts working closely with a range of partners to reduce crime and create a safer society. Targeting offenders who commit the highest volume of crime with this integrated approach has resulted in reducing reconvictions by around two-thirds.”

The research is available at http://www.sussexcriminaljusticeboard.org.uk/news/iom

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PCA response to Joint Inspection Report of Life Sentence Prisoners


We welcome the joint inspection report of life sentence prisoners published today (12/09/2013) by HM Inspectorate of Prisons and HM Inspectorate of Probation. Such joint inspections will be crucial in the future to ensure that both policy thinking and service delivery joins up, so that the public are protected and those who have been rehabilitated can resettle safely and effectively in the community.

We believe the report amply demonstrates the complexities of managing offenders as they move to different phases of their sentence, and responsibility of their management changes.

This underlines the PCA’s anxieties over the Transforming Rehabilitation reform plans about fragmentation resulting from dividing the case load on risk, with management and service delivery of probation provided across the public and future contracted sectors.

The report also highlights the importance of building relationships between the probation officer and lifers prior to release from custody, improving the effective planning of continued support and rehabilitation interventions. It finds that lifers who have been released on licence appreciated the quality and commitment of support which offender managers in Probation Trusts have given them. The vast majority of life sentence prisoners are successfully integrated back into the community, with only 2.2% of those sentenced to a mandatory life sentence and 4.8% of those serving other life sentences re-offending in any way.

A key recommendation made by the report is that offender managers should be allowed to exert more influence over the release decision-making process within prisons, and to be offered further training on how to plan and deliver work in a way which engages offenders over the full licence period.

We welcome these recommendations in particular over the training of offender managers. We see the professional development of probation workers as critical in supporting improved performance and outcomes irrespective of how the services are organised in terms of employer. We support the proposal in Transforming rehabilitation to establish a Probation Institute, and the PCA are working with a wide range of stakeholders to see how best that can be brought about.