There are 35 Probation Trusts in England & Wales. Each Trust has responsibility for the management of offenders and ex-offenders serving intervention programmes and sentences in the community, and giving pre-sentencing advice to courts.
As of the last count in June 2012, Probation Trusts were managing a combined total caseload of 230,736. Of this total, 120,323 cases were serving court orders, and 111,735 were being managed pre/post release1.
The total budget devolved to the 35 Probation Trusts was £820m in 2011/12. It has been steadily reducing from a high of £914m in 2008/9. The average cost per offender supervised on license post-custody was £2380, and the average cost per offender supervised on a community order/suspended sentence was £4135. The average cost of Probation Trusts producing a pre-sentence report was £2152
As of the 30th September 2012, there was a total of 16,710 full time staff and management employed by Probation Trusts. 89.3% of these were working in an offender related function (approx 45% in community supervision, 13% accredited programmes and 9% unpaid supervision, 6% approved premises, 3% pre-sentence court advice, 2% resettlement teams). The remaining 10% of staff work in corporate services3.
Reconviction rates for those on Community Orders or suspended sentence orders managed by probation have continued to fall steadily across England and Wales. The proven reoffending rate for the 2010 cohort stands at 34.1%, down 0.3% compared to the previous 12 months and down 3.7& since 20004.
Britain’s Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements are recognised and respected internationally for their effective management of high risk offenders. Through probation working under Multi-agency Public Protection Arrangements with the Police and Prisons (MAPPA), only 1% of offenders managed by MAPPA commit a serious further offence.5